The Alberta Election Commissioner has ruled that a Calgary political operative made irregular political contributions to the Jeff Callaway campaign during the United Conservative Party’s (UCP) leadership campaign in 2017. The operative alleges the existence of a plan to commit voter fraud in order to secure the election of Jason Kenney as leader of the UCP.
Hardyal (Happy) Mann does not dispute the commissioner’s finding in relation to irregular donations, but says in a March 24 formal response to the commissioner obtained by CBC News that he “trusted Mr. Jason Kenney, his campaign team, and their judgment” and that he never thought they would “risk breaking any laws.”
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“Mr. Kenney and his associates, who were equal participants, will assume high elected seats in our government,” he wrote. “However, those of us who did the work for them are left with fines, charges and shame. That is not fair.”
The controversy is erupting in the midst of a provincial election, with Albertans set to vote on April 16, and Kenney’s UCP leading by a wide margin in recent polls.
A letter sent to Mann outlining the findings of commissioner Lorne Gibson’s investigation says Mann, a power broker in Calgary’s Indo-Canadian community, admitted to being at a breakfast meeting with Kenney in June 2017 where the future party leader promised support for Mann’s “own political goals” if Mann joined the Kenney team.
It was an offer he accepted.
The commissioner’s letter goes on to say Mann admitted to being at a July 2017 meeting attended by Kenney and others tied to the campaign.
The document says Mann told the commissioner that both “the finances for Jeff Callaway’s campaign and voter fraud were identified as tactics that would be employed.”
Irregular contributions to Callaway campaign
The election commissioner found Mann contributed a total of $9,000 to the Callaway campaign that was not his own, agreeing to attach names to contribution forms that had pre-filled amounts of $3,000 for himself and two others.
Alberta election rules prevent someone from donating money that is not their own.
The commissioner said Mann admitted the funds were not his and that none of the money had moved through his accounts, “reluctantly” providing bank statements and documentation as proof.
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Mann stressed in his response to the commissioner that neither he nor any of the people tied to him were given money to donate to the Callaway campaign. He simply consented to their names being used on the donation forms.
“These transactions were handled only by the select group of people who originally organized the kamikaze campaign and were responsible for handling the financing,” he wrote.
The ‘kamikaze’ campaign
The investigation by the commissioner relates to the financing of Callaway’s so-called kamikaze UCP leadership campaign. It’s alleged Callaway ran for the purpose of targeting Kenney’s top rival, former Wildrose leader Brian Jean, with a plan to step down before the vote in October 2017 and throw his support behind Kenney.
So far, the commissioner has fined or sent letters of reprimand to five people for donating money to the Callaway campaign that was not their own. Mann would make six.
Kenney has strenuously denied any involvement in the alleged plot, saying it’s normal for leadership campaigns to be in contact. He has said he first heard of Callaway dropping out of the race the night before it happened.
Documents obtained by CBC News show there was deep co-operation between the two campaigns, with high-ranking Kenney officials providing resources, including strategic political direction, media and debate talking points, speeches, videos and attack advertisements.
Alberta’s deputy chief electoral officer, Drew Westwater, said he is not allowed to comment on specific cases. But he confirmed to CBC News that, under provincial election law, videos and advertisements “would be considered a valued contribution” and must be disclosed.
Among the Kenney officials revealed in those documents obtained by CBC News was Matt Wolf, Kenney’s current deputy chief of staff. Cam Davies, who was the communications manager for Callaway and Suvaloy Majumdar, who works for former prime minister Stephen Harper’s consulting firm, were also involved, the documents show.
Also in those documents was an email in August 2017 that showed Callaway already planned to drop out of the race, something he denies.
On March 18, Maclean’s reported on a $60,000 payment from a corporate entity into the bank account of Davies. Davies alleges in that story that the money was then distributed to the campaign through other donors.
CBC has not independently verified Maclean’s allegations.
An email obtained by CBC News shows the RCMP have been called in to investigate the allegations of irregular political contributions to the Callaway campaign.
RCMP media relations spokesperson Fraser Logan has said the police policy is not to confirm an investigation is being conducted unless charges are laid.
Allegations of voter fraud
Central to Mann’s allegations of voter fraud is the question of why or whether fake emails were attached to membership forms in the lead-up to the UCP leadership vote on Oct. 28, 2017.
“When I fill the forms in, for a few of the people I know, particularly, that there was no email addresses on those forms and then emails appeared on their membership list,” he said in an interview with CBC News on March 25.
“Then who put those emails there?” he continued.
It’s a question that Mann says he can’t answer.
Kenney has faced allegations that his campaign used VPNs — which block the identity of a computer — in order to vote multiple times from the same computer in the leadership race.
In a letter sent to the RCMP, former UCP caucus member Prab Gill accused the Kenney campaign of using fake email addresses in order to receive the PINs needed to cast a vote and then voting en masse for Kenney.
CBC News has not independently verified Gill’s allegations.
Email domains purchased prior to vote
CBC News searched for historical registration data using DomainTools and confirmed that dozens of email addresses attached to UCP members were all purchased by anonymous sources in the lead-up to the UCP leadership vote, between Sept. 20 and Oct. 13, 2017.
Many of those emails, with domains like link3mail.com and jaringmail.com, all link back to the same web host.
It is not known who bought those email addresses.
Mann also questions who paid for memberships. Under UCP rules, a membership must be purchased by the individual or an immediate family member.
The Alberta Election Act does not prohibit parties from paying for memberships, but they are required to disclose the expense. Those individual disclosures are not made public.
CBC News asked the UCP to respond to Mann’s allegations.
“The Jason Kenney leadership campaign followed all of the rules of the 2017 UCP Leadership Contest,” reads an emailed statement from UCP Executive Director Janice Harrington.
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“While some are focused on allegations from disgraced and discredited individuals like Happy Mann and ballot stuffer Prab Gill, we are going to remain focused on the priorities of Albertans — creating jobs and getting Albertans back to work.”
‘They had much more to lose than me’
The election commissioner said Mann should have known the consequences of his actions. He was a UCP nomination candidate in Calgary-Falconridge before he wasdisqualified after it was alleged his team was involved in the assault of a local reporter.
Mann, in his response to the commissioner, again says he trusted Kenney and his team.
“My understanding of the rules governing election financing was limited. I knew what we were doing was tricky, but I never even assumed that these people would risk breaking any laws. After all, they had much more to lose than me.”
The election commissioner says he is considering an administrative penalty for the three contributions to the Callaway campaign, which means Mann could be fined up to $30,000.
It would be the latest in a series of fines levelled against UCP members for their roles in the Callaway campaign.
Karen Brown and Darcy McAllister have both been fined for donating money “with funds given or furnished by another person.”
Maja McAllister and David Ruiz were both issued letters of reprimand by the election commissioner for the same offence.
Davies has been fined a total of $15,000 for obstruction of an investigation. He has said he will appeal the fines.
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Sherwood Park is a large hamlet in Alberta, Canada within Strathcona County that is recognized as an urban service area. It is located adjacent to the City of Edmonton’s eastern boundary, generally south of Highway 16 (Yellowhead Trail), west of Highway 21 and north of Highway 630 (Wye Road). Other portions of Sherwood Park extend beyond Yellowhead Trail and Wye Road, while Anthony Henday Drive (Highway 216) separates Refinery Row to the west from the balance of the hamlet to the east.
Sherwood Park was established in 1955 on farmland of the Smeltzer family, east of Edmonton. With a population of 70,618 in 2016, Sherwood Park has enough people to be Alberta’s seventh largest city, but technically retains the status of a hamlet. The Government of Alberta recognizes the Sherwood Park Urban Service Area as equivalent to a city.
Sherwood Park, originally named Campbelltown, was founded by John Hook Campbell and John Mitchell in 1953 when the Municipal District of Strathcona No. 83 approved their proposed development of a bedroom community east of Edmonton. The first homes within the community were marketed to the public in 1955. Canada Post intervened on the name of Campbelltown due to the existence of several other communities in Canada within the same name, so the community’s name was changed to Sherwood Park in 1956.
The Sherwood Park Urban Service Area is located in the Edmonton Capital Region along the western edge of central Strathcona County adjacent to the City of Edmonton. The majority of the community is bound by Highway 16 (Yellowhead Highway) to the north, Highway 21 to the east, Highway 630 (Wye Road) to the south, and Anthony Henday Drive (Highway 216) to the west. The Refinery Row portion of Sherwood Park is located across Anthony Henday Drive to the west, between Sherwood Park Freeway and Highway 16. Numerous developments fronting the south side of Wye Road, including Wye Gardens, Wye Crossing, Salisbury Village and the Estates of Sherwood Park, are also within the community. Lands north of Highway 16 and south of Township Road 534/Oldman Creek between Range Road 232 (Sherwood Drive) to the west and Highway 21 to the east are also within the Sherwood Park urban service area.