Ethan Bear remembers seeing looks of contempt on some people’s faces while he was playing hockey. At the time, Bear, from Ochapowace First Nation in southern Saskatchewan, didn’t think much of it.
“I thought it was just people being rude,” Bear said.
But as he grew older and started to understand the stereotypes Indigenous people face both on and off the ice, the looks started to make more sense.
“You get those looks for sure,” he said.
“The lazy, not hardworking [stereotype], that’s definitely one of them. But that’s definitely not the case.”
Bear, who turned 21 in June, will start the season with the Edmonton Oilers after he was called up to replace an injured Andrej Sekera.
Bear played his early hockey in Ochapowace First Nation in Saskatchewan up until peewee, when he played more competitive hockey in the surrounding communities before heading to Kelowna, B.C., and then Seattle, in the Western Hockey League.
A self-described rink rat, Bear found his passion for hockey early on with the influence of his older brother, Everett. The stereotype of Indigenous hockey players being lazy only pushed Bear to be at the rink even more.
“I think people put a certain stereotype on us because of the things they don’t know or haven’t learned yet,” Bear said.
“You definitely do use it for motivation.”
He looks up to players like Carey Price, Jordin Tootoo, Arron Asham, Brandon Montour and Michael Ferland — all of Indigenous descent.
“You know what the grind is like and what they’ve gone through,” Bear said.
“They kind of cleared the path for me.”
Now Bear is already trying to make a difference at home — he runs a hockey camp in Ochapowace during the summer for youth in the surrounding area.
“It’s always nice when you’re not the only First Nations person out there,” Bear said.
‘I made it into a positive’
Devin Buffalo, 25, originally from Samson Cree Nation in Maskwacis, Alta., recently signed his first professional contract with the Greenville Swamp Rabbits of the East Coast Hockey League (ECHL).
Before signing in South Carolina, Buffalo leveraged his talent as a goaltender into a degree from Dartmouth College, an Ivy League School in New Hampshire. In his final year, he was a finalist for the prestigious Hobey Baker award, given to the NCAA’s top player.
Goalie wasn’t Buffalo’s first choice — “I actually hated playing goalie,” he said — but his dad gave him goalie equipment and he found himself in the net on his novice team in Wetaskiwin, Alta.
Buffalo continued through to bantam but couldn’t crack the nearest AAA squad in Leduc. He figures he had a size disadvantage with the other goalies he competed against, but said the stereotype of laziness was always in the back of his mind.
“That kind of blankets all Native players to these coaches when you go into these camps,” Buffalo said.
“I think it is a barrier, but I made it into a positive.”
Buffalo said Bear’s success can be inspiring for many Indigenous youth across the country.
“If you see a Native player in Rogers Place on the blueline, it changes everything,” Buffalo said.
“It starts dreams. That was always my dream — to show people where a Native hockey player could go and overcome these obstacles and stereotypes.”
As Buffalo worked to surpass those barriers he faced growing up, he in turn paved the way for players like Kaedin Larocque-Wolfe.
‘It wasn’t as bad for me’
Larocque-Wolfe, a 15-year-old also from Maskwacis, just cracked the Leduc AAA team, the same team Buffalo struggled to make a few years before.
Growing up, Larocque-Wolfe said he didn’t face the same types of barriers that other players had.
“For people it’s different, but it wasn’t as bad for me,” he said.
“Playing in Maskwacis, you did experience some racism here and there in those little towns you went to, just playing against other teams. It obviously didn’t make me feel good — it got me mad during games — but I think it just made me play better.”
The players he looks up to are many of the same cited by Bear, as well as Buffalo.
“Just to see a fellow First Nations person playing in The Show, in the NHL, is amazing,” he said.
And for players like Larocque-Wolfe, who are just starting their adult hockey journeys, looking at the different career paths of players like Bear and Buffalo can provide options — some of which may not have been otherwise visible.
Larocque-Wolfe attended the Edmonton Oil Kings WHL rookie camp this year. He also toured some Ivy League schools in Boston, looking at the options in the NCAA.
Bear said encouraging fellow Indigenous hockey players is an important part of the battle to curb the stereotypes.
“When no one wants you to succeed — it’s like that movie Indian Horse, I can relate a lot to that — there’s only so much you can do,” Bear said.
“I think the best thing is to just try to pave the way for others, so it shows that we aren’t what they think.”
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Sherwood Park is a large hamlet in Alberta, Canada within Strathcona County that is recognized as an urban service area. It is located adjacent to the City of Edmonton’s eastern boundary, generally south of Highway 16 (Yellowhead Trail), west of Highway 21 and north of Highway 630 (Wye Road). Other portions of Sherwood Park extend beyond Yellowhead Trail and Wye Road, while Anthony Henday Drive (Highway 216) separates Refinery Row to the west from the balance of the hamlet to the east.
Sherwood Park was established in 1955 on farmland of the Smeltzer family, east of Edmonton. With a population of 70,618 in 2016, Sherwood Park has enough people to be Alberta’s seventh largest city, but technically retains the status of a hamlet. The Government of Alberta recognizes the Sherwood Park Urban Service Area as equivalent to a city.
Sherwood Park, originally named Campbelltown, was founded by John Hook Campbell and John Mitchell in 1953 when the Municipal District of Strathcona No. 83 approved their proposed development of a bedroom community east of Edmonton. The first homes within the community were marketed to the public in 1955. Canada Post intervened on the name of Campbelltown due to the existence of several other communities in Canada within the same name, so the community’s name was changed to Sherwood Park in 1956.
The Sherwood Park Urban Service Area is located in the Edmonton Capital Region along the western edge of central Strathcona County adjacent to the City of Edmonton. The majority of the community is bound by Highway 16 (Yellowhead Highway) to the north, Highway 21 to the east, Highway 630 (Wye Road) to the south, and Anthony Henday Drive (Highway 216) to the west. The Refinery Row portion of Sherwood Park is located across Anthony Henday Drive to the west, between Sherwood Park Freeway and Highway 16. Numerous developments fronting the south side of Wye Road, including Wye Gardens, Wye Crossing, Salisbury Village and the Estates of Sherwood Park, are also within the community. Lands north of Highway 16 and south of Township Road 534/Oldman Creek between Range Road 232 (Sherwood Drive) to the west and Highway 21 to the east are also within the Sherwood Park urban service area.